Principles of Rock Deformation and Tectonics

Principles of Rock Deformation and Tectonics

Nicolas, Adolphe; Bouchez, Jean-Luc

Oxford University Press






15 a 20 dias


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Forewords and Acknowledgements
1 Deformation/strain and stress
1.1: Deformation / strain
1.2: Stress
1.3: Stress-strain relationships
2 Brittle deformation
2.1: Fracture modes
2.2: Coulomb's law of failure and the Mohr fracture envelope
2.3: Rupture under different conditions
2.4: In-situ stress measurements
2.5: The brittle-ductile transition
3. Brittle deformation structures
3.1: Joint, fissure, cleavage and barren fracture
3.2: Tension fractures
3.3: Faults
3.4: Dynamic analysis of faults
4. Ductile deformation and microstructures
4.1: Cataclastic deformation and granular materials
4.2: Plasticity due to movement of dislocation
4.3: Solid state diffusion flow
4.4: Fluid-assisted flow mechanisms
4.5: Localization of deformation and shear zones
4.6: A few distinctive microstructures
4.7: (T, s, e') deformation maps
5 Macroscopic imprints of ductile deformation
5.1: A few notions about folds
5.2: Planar structures
5.3: Linear structures
5.4: Relationships between lineations, fold-axes and strain ellipsoids
5.5: Terminology conventions
6. Fabrics and kinematic analysis of quartzites, ice and peridotites
6.1: Development of preferred orientations
6.2: Coaxial and non-coaxial lattice fabrics
6.3: Fabric representation: the orientation diagram
6.4: Fabrics and kinematic analysis
6.5: Examples of fabrics
6.6: Past and present mantle flow
7 Magmatic fabrics, structures and microstructures
7.1: Some rheological aspects
7.2: Microstructures: magmatic, orthogneissic and mylonitic
7.3: Magmatic fabric acquisition in plutons
7.4: Magmatic fabrics in plutons
7.5: Injections in magmatic complexes: mixing and mingling
7.6: The Bushveld and Skaergaard mafic complexes
7.7: Gabbros from the oceanic crust
8 Rheology of the lithosphere and states of stress
8.1: Rheological profile of the lithosphere: the Christmas tree
8.2: Mechanical anisotropy of the lithosphere
8.3: Focal mechanisms of earthquakes
8.4: Stress concentration
8.5: From the stress bulb to the Indian indenter
8.6: States of stress in France and around the World
9 Horizontal / vertical displacements and their rates
9.1: Horizontal displacements and rates
9.2: Vertical displacements
10. Technical aspects of tectonics
10.1: Tensorial representation of deformation
10.2: Tensorial representation of stress
10.3: Wuelff and Schmidt nets
10.4: The universal stage
10.5: The texture goniometer
10.6: The EBSD technique
10.7: Digital images and shape preferred orientations (SPO)
10.8: Anisotropy of magnetic susceptibility (AMS)
10.9: Gravimetric analysis
11. Practical exercises
11.1: Application of Mohr diagram in structural geology
11.2: Internal inclusions in garnets
11.3: Introduction to orientation diagrams
11.4: Fold-axis construction : an example from the field
11.5: Unravelling structure entanglements
11.6: Looking for past states of stress: paleostress analysis
11.7: Looking for successive states of stress in the Lefkas region (Greece)
11.8: Looking for a local state of stress
11.9: Isostasy, the very base of vertical movements
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